Two Advents, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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The two Advents--Summary:

(1) The O.T. foreview of the coming Messiah is in two aspects--that of rejection and suffering (as e.g. in Is 53), and that of earthly glory and power (as e.g. in Is 11 Jer 23 Eze 37). Often these two aspects blend in one passage (e.g. Ps 2). The prophets themselves were perplexed by this seeming contradiction 1 Peter 1:10,11. It was solved by partial fulfilment. In due time the Messiah, born of a virgin according to Isaiah, appeared among men and began His ministry by announcing the predicted kingdom as “at hand.”

(See Scofield "Matthew 4:17") . The rejection of King and kingdom followed.

(2) Thereupon the rejected King announced His approaching crucifixion, resurrection, departure, and return (Mat. 24., 25). Matthew 12:38-40; 16:1-4,21,27; Luke 12:35-46; 17:20-36 ; 18:31-34; 19:12-27.

(3) He uttered predictions concerning the course of events between His departure and return Matthew 13:1-50; 16:18; 24:4-26

(4) This promised return of Christ becomes a prominent theme in the Acts, Epistles, and Revelation.

Taken together, the N.T. teachings concerning the return of Jesus Christ may be summarized as follows:

(1) That return is an event, not a process, and is personal and corporeal Matthew 23:39; 24:30; 25:31; Mark 14:62; Luke 17:24; John 14:3; Acts 1:11; Philippians 3:20,21; 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17.

(2) His coming has a threefold relation: to the church, to Israel, to the nations.

(a) To the church the descent of the Lord into the air to raise the sleeping and change the living saints is set forth as a constant expectation and hope Matthew 24:36,44,48-51; 25:13; 1 Corinthians 15:51,52; Philippians 3:20; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 4:14-17; 1 Timothy 6:14; Titus 2:13; Revelation 22:20.

(b) To Israel, the return of the Lord is predicted to accomplish the yet unfulfilled prophecies of her national regathering, conversion, and establishment in peace and power under the Davidic Covenant Acts 15:14-17 with Zechariah 14:1-9.

See “Kingdom (O.T.)” 2 Samuel 7:8-17.

(See Scofield “Zechariah 13:8”)

Luke 1:31-33

(See Scofield “1 Corinthians 15:24”)

(c) To the Gentile nations the return of Christ is predicted to bring the destruction of the present political world-system Daniel 2:34,35. (See Scofield "Revelation 19:11") , the judgment of Matthew 25:31-46 followed by world-wide Gentile conversion and participation in the blessings of the kingdom ; Isaiah 2:2-4; 11:10; 60:3; Zechariah 8:3,20,23; 14:16-21.

Acts 1:11

Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

1 Peter 1:10-11

10 Of which the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:

11 Searching what, or what manner of time the which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

Matthew 12:38-40

38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a from thee.

39 But he answered and said unto them, An seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:

40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Matthew 16:1-4, 21, 27

1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a .

2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be : for the sky is red.

83And in the morning, It will be to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?

4 A seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.

21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.

27 For the Son of man shall come in the of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

Matthew 23:39

For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, is he that cometh in the .

Matthew 24:30

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with .

Matthew 25:31

When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the with him, then shall he sit upon the of his glory:

Mark 14:62

And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the .

Luke 17:24

For as the , that lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.

John 14:3

And if I go and a place for you, I will come again, and you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.

Philippians 3:20-21

20 For our is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:

21 Who shall change our , that it may be fashioned like unto his , according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.

1 Thessalonians 4:14-17

14 For if we believe that Jesus , even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.

15 For this we say unto you by the , that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not preventd them which are asleep.

16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the , and with the trump of God: and the shall rise first:

17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

Matthew 24:36, 44, 48-51

36 But of that knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.

48 But and if that shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;

49 And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;

50 The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,

51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be .

Matthew 25:13

therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.

1 Corinthians 15:51-52

51 Behold, I shew you a ; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised , and we shall be changed.

Philippians 3:20

For our conversation is in ; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:

1 Thessalonians 1:10

And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which us from the wrath to come.

1 Timothy 6:14

That thou keep this commandment , unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:

Titus 2:13

Looking for that , and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

Revelation 22:20

He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, .

Acts 15:14-17

14 Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the , to take out of them a people for his name.

15 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,

16 After this I will return, and will build again the of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:

17 That the residue of men might , and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things.

Zechariah 14:1-9

1 Behold, the cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.

2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.

3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the .

4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the , which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the shall come, and all the saints with thee.

6 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:

7 But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.

8 And it shall be in that day, that shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.

9 And the LORD shall be over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.

Daniel 2:34-35

34 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of and clay, and brake them to pieces.

35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a , and filled the whole earth.

Isaiah 2:2-4

2 And it shall come to pass in the , that the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his , and we will walk in his : for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their into plowshares, and their into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Isaiah 11:10

And in that day there shall be a , which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

Isaiah 60:3

And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the of thy rising.

Zechariah 8:3, 20, 23

3 Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a ; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.

20 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities:

23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all , even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.

Zechariah 14:16-21

16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the .

17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.

18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the , wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, ; and the pots in the LORD’S house shall be like the bowls before the altar.

21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.


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