Sin, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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Sin, Summary: The literal meanings of the Heb. and (Greek - alektorophonia [a)lektorofwniða] “sin”, “sinner,” etc)., disclose the true nature of sin in its manifold manifestations. Sin is transgression, an overstepping of the law, the divine boundary between good and evil Psalms 51:1; Luke 15:29, iniquity, an act inherently wrong, whether expressly forbidden or not; error, a departure from right ; Psalms 51:9; Romans 3:23, missing the mark, a failure to meet the divine standard; trespass, the intrusion of self-will into the sphere of divine authority Ephesians 2:1, lawlessness, or spiritual anarchy 1 Timothy 1:9, unbelief, or an insult to the divine veracity John 16:9.

Sin originated with Satan Isaiah 14:12-14, entered the world through Adam Romans 5:12, was, and is, universal, Christ alone excepted ; Romans 3:23; 1 Peter 2:22, incurs the penalties of spiritual and physical death ; Genesis 2:17; 3:19; Ezekiel 18:4,20; Romans 6:23 and has no remedy but in the sacrificial death of Christ ; Hebrews 9:26; Acts 4:12 availed of by faith Acts 13:38,39. Sin may be summarized as threefold: An act, the violation of, or want of obedience to the revealed will of God; a state, absence of righteousness; a nature, enmity toward God.

Romans 3:23

For all have , and come short of the ;

Psalms 51:1, 9

Have upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies my transgressions.

9 Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine .

Luke 15:29

And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:

Ephesians 2:1

And you hath he , who were dead in trespasses and sins;

1 Timothy 1:9

Knowing this, that the law is not made for a man, but for the lawless and , for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,

John 16:9

Of sin, because they not on me;

Isaiah 14:12-14

12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, ! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!

13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will into heaven, I will my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the .

Romans 5:12

Wherefore, as by one man entered into the world, and by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

1 Peter 2:22

Who did no sin, neither was found in his mouth:

Genesis 2:17

But of the tree of the knowledge of , thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Genesis 3:19

In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

Ezekiel 18:4, 20

4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the , it shall die.

20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the of the wicked shall be upon him.

Romans 6:23

For the of sin is death; but the is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Hebrews 9:26

For then must he often have suffered since the of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the of himself.

Acts 4:12

Neither is there in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

Acts 13:38-39

38 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the of sins:

39 And by him all that believe are from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.


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