Mosaic Covenant, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917)

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The Mosaic Covenant,

(1) given to Israel

(2) in three divisions, each essential to the others, and together forming the Mosaic Covenant, viz.: the Commandments, expressing the righteous will of God Exodus 20:1-26 the “judgments,” governing the social life of Israel ; Exodus 21:1-; 24:11 and the “ordinances,” governing the religious life of Israel ; Exodus 24:12-; 31:18. These three elements form “the law,” as that phrase is generically used in the New Testament (e.g.) Matthew 5:17,18. The Commandments and the ordinances formed one religious system. The Commandments were a “ministry of condemnation’ and of “death” 2 Corinthians 3:7-9 the ordinances gave, in the high priest, a representative of the people with Jehovah; and in the sacrifices a “cover” (see “Atonement,” (See Scofield "Leviticus 16:6") for their sins in anticipation of the Cross ; Hebrews 5:1-3; 9:6-9; Romans 3:25,26. The Christian is not under the conditional Mosaic Covenant of works, the law, but under the unconditional New Covenant of grace. ; Romans 3:21-27; 6:14,15; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:10-14,16-18,24-26; 4:21-31; Hebrews 10:11-17.

Exodus 19:25

So went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

Exodus 20:1-26

1 And God spake all these words, saying,

2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the .

3 Thou shalt have no other before me.

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:

5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a , visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

6 And shewing unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him that taketh his name in vain.

8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it .

9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

10 But the is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

11 For in the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

12 thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

13 Thou shalt not .

14 Thou shalt not commit .

15 Thou shalt not .

16 Thou shalt not bear against thy neighbour.

17 Thou shalt not thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we .

20 And Moses said unto the people, : for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the where God was.

22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from .

23 Ye shall not make with me of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25 And if thou wilt make me an of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy be not discovered thereon.

Matthew 5:17-18

17 Think not that I am come to the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

18 For verily I say unto you, Till pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

2 Corinthians 3:7-9

7 But if the , written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:

8 How shall not the ministration of the be rather glorious?

9 For if the ministration of be glory, much more doth the ministration of exceed in glory.

Leviticus 16:6

6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the , which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house.

Hebrews 5:1-3

1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and for sins:

2 Who can have on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

3 And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to for sins.

Hebrews 9:6-9

6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the of God.

7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without , which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:

8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first was yet standing:

9 Which was a for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

Romans 3:25-26

25 Whom God hath set forth to be a through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;

26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the of him which believeth in Jesus.

Romans 3:21-24

21 But now the righteousness of God is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no :

23 For all have sinned, and of the glory of God;

24 Being justified by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

Romans 6:14-15

14 For sin shall not have over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

15 What then? shall we , because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.

Galatians 2:16

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the shall no flesh be justified.

Galatians 3:10-14, 16-18, 24-26

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

11 But that no man is by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12 And the is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.

13 Christ hath redeemed us from the of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the of the Spirit through faith.

16 Now to and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God , the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

18 For if the be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

24 Wherefore the law was our to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

25 But after that is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

26 For ye are all the children of God in Christ Jesus.

Galatians 4:21-31

21 Tell me, ye that to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a , the other by a freewoman.

23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by .

24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two ; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in with her children.

26 But which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

27 For it is written, , thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.

28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of .

29 But as then he that was after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be with the son of the freewoman.

31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the .

Hebrews 10:11-17

11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never sins:

12 But this man, after he had offered for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are .

15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a to us: for after that he had said before,

16 This is the that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

17 And their will I remember no more.

18 Now where of these is, there is no more offering for sin.


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